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Blue: In the ancient Sarum Rites, the color blue was associated with feasts of the Virgin Mary, and in many churches, it is used during Advent. It reminds us that the church waits with Mary for the birth of Jesus. As the color of the night sky, deep blue also symbolizes Christ, who is called the “Dayspring” or source of day. 

White: (or gold) recalls the brightness of the day and symbolizes joy, purity, holiness, innocence, and triumph. It is used during the seasons of Christmas and Easter, as well as at baptisms, funerals, weddings, and various feasts. 

Red: is a color with two different meanings. Reminiscent of blood, it is the color of passion and suffering. In this context, it is used on Palm Sunday, during Holy Week, and on the feasts of martyred saints. Red is also the color of fire, which represents the Holy Spirit. It is used at Pentecost, at ordinations, and often at confirmations. 

Green: is the color that we see most frequently in the sanctuary. It symbolizes life, growth, and hope, and it represents the growth and spread of Christ’s Church in the world. It is used during the season after Epiphany and the season after Pentecost (called ordinary time).

Violet: is the color of penance and atonement, and it is also the color of the sovereignty of Christ. It is used during Advent, as with penitent hearts we prepare ourselves for the coming of Christ, our heavenly King. Likewise, it is used during the penitential season of Lent, as we examine ourselves and atone for our sins. It may also used on All Souls’ Day.

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